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The effects of gravity and acceleration on the lung

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Published by [Published for] the Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development [of] N.A.T.O. [by] Technivision Services, [Distributed by Technical Press] in Slough, [London] .
Written in English


  • Space flight -- Physiological effect.,
  • Lungs.,
  • Gravity -- Physiological effect.,
  • Acceleration (Physiology)

Book details:

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 193-210.

Statement[author D. H. Glaister, with chapters contributed by J. Milic-Emili, A. C. Bryan and J. B. West].
SeriesAGARDograph,, no. 133
LC ClassificationsTL500 .N6 no. 133, RC1075 .N6 no. 133
The Physical Object
Pagination3-223 p.
Number of Pages223
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5173360M
ISBN 100851020275
LC Control Number74858163

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1 Acceleration and the centrifuge. 2 Ventilation and the mechanics of breathing Pulmonary ventilation Anatomical dead-space Total lung capacity and its subdivisions The diaphragm Thoracic compliance Airway resistance Work of breathing. 3 Distribution of ventilation J. Milic-Emili Regional ventilatory lung function Factors determining regional distribution of gas Causes of uneven ventilation distribution in general within the by: The effects upon the cardiovascular system and upon the performance of the lungs, together with the consequential effects are discussed in detail. Some information is provided on the method of increasing tolerance to acceleration. In normal man, however, the static P-V curve of the lung does not change appreciably with body posture. 2 Accordingly, the effect of earth gravity appears to affect mainly the mechanical properties of the chest wall, more specifically the abdomen. In the upright position gravity acts in the inspiratory direction on the abdomen and in the Cited by: 1. similar effect of the direction of gravity would also be observed in healthy human beings in whom acute lung insufficiency is induced by hypergravity. To our knowledge, there is no other model system in which an increased hydrostatic pressure gradient and lung compression can be .

These topographical differences of structure and function have many implications in the way in which disease processes develop. Recent work on pulmonary function in the absence of gravity, including measurements in Spacelab SLS-1 in June , have clarified the effects of gravity on the lung. Studies of lung function in the absence of gravity provide valuable insight into how, for we Earth-bound individuals, its unavoidable effects shape our lung function. Gravity causes uneven ventilation in the lung through the deformation of lung tissue (the so-called Slinky effect), and uneven perfusion through a combination of the Slinky effect and the zone model of pulmonary perfusion. Effect of lung distortion on the volume-pressure curve. At 1 Gz and in supine posture (solid and dash-dotted line, respectively), alveolar size decreases from top to bottom, and the ordinate. •i-9 The impact of gravity on life Emily R. Morey-Holton See Plate 14 Gravity is a well-known, but little understood, physical force. Its intensity and direction have been constant throughout evolutionary history on Earth, making it difficult to understand what role, if any, this .

9 The impact of gravity on life. the lung buds did not appear to inflate. The lack of inflation of the Ross, M.D. and Tomko, D.L. (). Effect of gravity. on vestibular neural. The drawback to Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity, however, is that it is “special” in the respect that it only considers the effects of relativity to an observer moving at constant speed. Motion at constant speed is clearly a very special case, and in practice, bodies change their speed with time. Einstein wanted to generalize his theory to consider how a person sees another. Gravitational effects on the distribution of pulmonary blood flow: hemodynamic misconceptions. Badeer HS. In the upright individual the apex of the lung receives relatively little blood. This has often been explained by the low pulmonary arterial pressure which is said to . Many tests have been done to the human body in order to see what the human condition is. It seems that the body becomes more relaxed and will start to expect "weightlessness" over long periods of time. The bodies return home will need months of rehab. How To Prepare For This.